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Baader Planetarium Oxygen III IR Cut 8.5nm Narrowband CCD/Visual Pass Filter
The Baader Planetarium has developed several of the most precisely engineered very narrow bandpass Nebula Filters, and the Baader Oxygen III IR (Infrared) Cut is our best 8.5nm Narrowband Pass filter. Evolved from the original Oxygen III filters, this is made with features that are desirable for CCD imaging as well as for visual Pass Filter is among the best very narrow bandpass Nebula Filters. These are often referred to as light pollution rejection filters but their effect is more encompassing than that alone. This Oxygen III IR filter is a genuine bandpass filter made so that only a small portion of light in the visual doubly ionized Oxygen III portion of the spectrum is transmitted, in addition to this the filter blocks IR well beyond 1 micron to facilitate imaging faint emission nebula, diffuse nebula, and planetary nebulae.
Right: Baader 2 inch Oxygen III IR Cut filter with provided plastic case (89,185 bytes).
This filter will pass only 8.5 nanometer half width centered at 501 nm Oxygen III, with transmission of ninety three (93) per cent of that light in the portions of the spectrum commonly emitted by diffuse and emission nebula (the Veil, North American, or Dumbell Nebula for example), and planetary nebulae (Ring Nebula for example). By rejecting most other light this will cause certain nebula appear more clearly against a blacker background of space. This is among the first Nebula Filters generally recommended by Company Seven to our customers who have a suitable telescope or lens equipped with a CCD imaging system. This includes: premium quality Apo refractors of 80mm and larger, Achromatic refractors of 100mm and larger, or reflectors of 8 inch (20cm) or larger) for the task of hunting out fainter objects.
IR light resides in or affects the imaging of objects in the visible and invisible portions of the light spectrum. Some part of this is due to atmospheric dispersion while some telescopes may simply shift light in the deep red to plane outside focus of the other colors. The IR problem produces an unsharpening or ghosting effect of the image in the red, and even some shifting in blue and green portions of the spectrum. Most of the IR can be blocked (cut) from the reaching the CCD sensor with filters, while the atmospherics related shifting problem can usually be eliminated in post image capture processing. By incorporating both functions of an Oxygen III pass and IR cut into one filter then this filter eliminates the concerns of stacking two or more filters (backfocus, reflections, etc.) to achieve its desired result.
so that we might see what is otherwise obscured...
How Do Nebula Filters Work?
Street lights, especially the poorly baffled ones, cast a greenish or golden glow upon the otherwise black night sky. Particulates and humidity in the atmosphere refract and reflect that light rendering the sky background brighter, hence the fainter objects become harder to see against the brighter background. Nebular filters filter out a high percentage of the street lighting effects thereby making the background of the night sky appear blacker; faint objects stand out better against the darker background. While these are obviously beneficial for those who live near sky light polluted suburban areas, Nebular filters are helpful even when observing at darker rural settings since they also filter some of the naturally occurring background glow. Note, these filters can not help to attenuate light from neon sources since these emit across a wide bandwidth.
Narrower, and narrower bandpass filters become more and more specialized and may actually cut down the light coming from some of the brighter emission nebula; for example M42 the Great Nebula in Orion looks great with no filter, better with a broad band nebula filter, but much of the extended portions of the nebula disappear when observed with a very narrow band filter.
Above: Filter spectrum of Baader Oxygen III-IR Narrowband 8.5nm CCD filter taken with MPI-DADIS Spectrograph (48,791 bytes).
One can see the above result by simply holding this filter over the eye and looking up towards a fluorescent light. You will see only the greenish 501nm color (as above) coming through the filter with nothing else!
In the way these filters work, they will still absorb some light from desired object. And there are objects that they can not help one to see better including stars, star clusters and galaxies since these emit light from all wavelengths including those emitted by street lights. And so a pronounced darkening of these objects will be observed with the filter in place.
Observers with smaller telescopes will do best to operate at the lower magnifications, on the order of 10x or less per inch of aperture. While those with larger apertures or more efficient mid to large refractors will do well to span from low to higher magnifications.
Nebular filter coatings present a metallic, mirror like quality. As such one should use care to use the filters away from bright sources of stray light an with a well baffled telescopes. A darkening hood or blanket over the observer's head may help to keep reflections coming back to the observer, and darken the sky background seen even further.
How Are These Constructed?
Right: Baader 2 inch Oxygen III IR Cut filter as viewed from eye/camera (male) side (34,838 bytes).
The filter element is housed in a machined aluminum cell, retained by a thread in retaining ring. The filter name, size and part number are in silver, and this mirror like print when combined with the small print size make this information difficult to read under dim red lighting. Company Seven recommends our customers keep these filters in well organized accessory cases, so that you know which filter is which. It helps to become familiar with how the elements appear too (read descriptions below).
Nebula Filters are made up of micron thin layers of materials deposited onto an otherwise transparent optical glass window. The coatings are calculated to transmit desired wavelengths (portions of the visible spectrum), while simultaneously rejecting a high percentage of other wavelengths. Depending on the type of filter (broad band pass or narrow band filters including Oxygen III) these filters pass light in the nebula lines which may include Oxygen III, Hydrogen Alpha, and Hydrogen Beta lines of the spectrum. In a more perfected nebula filter a higher percentage of light is transmitted in those desired wavelengths, as much as 80 to 90 percent being typical.
When tilted while exposed to bright light then both the filter surfaces will appear like a silvered mirror. And when tilted it will present with greenish undertone around the perimeter of the female side, and a magenta around the perimeter of the male side. When viewed with no backlighting and parallel to the eye from either side, then the filter element appears to impart a bright green cast, if the filter tilted to a steeper angle this changes from green to violet tones, and as the tilting advances it will ultimately show blue and then magenta tones.
The Baader Oxygen III filter is made available only in 2 inch (50.8 mm) diameter in a threaded cell so that it can be installed in line onto many accessories, or directly onto most popular eyepieces. Furthermore, the cell is threaded male and female so that other filters or devices may be attached in series.
What Does This Do For Me?
It is an amazing experience to see a faint planetary nebula clearly revealed in the field of view - obvious even to a child,
Right: Baader Oxygen III IR cut filter transmission curve (70,371 bytes).
Features Of The Baader Filters:
The optional wood case is foam lined with cutaway spaces for filters, eyepieces and other small accessories for your telescope. Please refer to our price list for current prices for the filter set and the optional case or contact Company Seven for more information.
Right: optional wood box for Color Filter Set (52,803 bytes)
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